Martial law has also been imposed during conflicts, and in cases of occupations, where the absence of any other civil government provides for an unstable population. Typically, the imposition of martial law accompanies curfews; the suspension of civil law, civil rights, and habeas corpus; and the application or extension of military law or military justice to civilians.
Examples of this form of military rule include post World War II reconstruction in Germany and Japan as well as the Southern Reconstruction following the U. Civilians defying martial law may be subjected to military tribunal (court-martial).
[A journalist's duties include] respecting the truth no matter what consequences it may bring about to him, ...Martial law is the imposition of direct military control of normal civilian functions of government, especially in response to a temporary emergency such as invasion or major disaster, or in an occupied territory.Martial law can be used by governments to enforce their rule over the public.In 1885, Sarajevo was the first city in Europe and the second city in the world to have a full-time electric tram network running through the city, following San Francisco.In 1914, it was the site of the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria that sparked World War I, after which the city experienced a period of stagnation as part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia.